red deer

Characteristics of Red Deer

Characteristics of Red Deer:

 

 

  • Species: The species is a ruminant and has even numbered toe. It has four different chambers for the stomach. It should never be confused with the East Asian or North American Elk because they have completely different DNA structures. They are known to evolve from the Sika Deer in Central Asia.

 

  • Weight and Height: When compared to the ones present in North America or Asia, their tales are much longer. They have tails of almost 12-19 cm. The male deer is generally of height 175-230 cm and weigh almost 160 to 240 kg. Whereas the female deer is about 160-210 cm high and is 120-160 kg in weight.

 

  • Fur: Depending on the climate every animal adapts itself and similarly, they have coats of red/brown color during the summer. During the autumn season, the male deer often has a mane around the neck along with really strong muscles. Their building as much for stronger than the females. They know how to survive in the woodland weather.

 

  • Antlers: The male deer generally have antlers and not the female ones which grown during the spring season and are shed in the winters. They grow at a rate of almost 2.5 cm every day. The new antlers that grow during the spring season are protected with a soft velvet coating. They are generally straight.

 

  • Seasons and History: Their body is covered with fur which protects their body during the cold weather. The male deer also develop a mane during the autumn season. They were found first in Miocene almost 12 million years back. They migrate to different places in different weathers according to their adaptability.

 

  • Mating: The deer that are mature generally stay with the sex groups for the whole year or most of it. During the mating period, rut occurs in the males. They also have Harems. During autumn, the female deer give birth to one or two baby deer. The gestation period continues for almost 240 to 262 days on a stretch. The normal lifespan of a deer is about 10-13 years, but at times they survive for 15 years.

With all of this being said it is important for us to mention that these innocent animals are widely traded, hunted and used for their meat, their skin and their antlers. We all know how it is important to save a species and if this continues, we will not have any left.

We should know about them and thus protect them carefully from the cruelty of business; we need to choose whether life is more important or luxury.